The organization attempts to create awareness among visitors to the website by presenting statistics collected from all over the world. Information is a valuable resource and can be leveraged to benefit an individual or a community.
Below is a table from State of California, Department of Justice, that shows the number of Domestic Violence calls received from 1986 -2011.
In an attempt to create awareness HOPE IN LIFE FOUNDATION collects and presents statistics from all over the world. Below are statistics for Asian women collected from various sources in the USA.
Asian & Pacific Islanders
- 12.8% of Asian and Pacific Islander women reported experiencing physical assault by an intimate partner at least once during their lifetime; 3.8% reported having been raped. The rate of physical assault was lower than those reported by Whites (21.3%); African-Americans (26.3%); Hispanic, of any race, (21.2%); mixed race (27.0%); and American Indians and Alaskan Natives (30.7%). The low rate for Asian and Pacific Islander women may be attributed to underreporting.
Patricia Tjaden & Nancy Thoennes, U.S. Dep’t of Just., NCJ 181867, Extent, Nature, and Consequences of Intimate Partner Violence,at 26 (2000), available athttp://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/nij/pubs-sum/181867.htm ;
see also Asian & Pacific Islander Institute on Domestic Violence, Fact Sheet: Domestic Violence in Asian Communities, 2005,http://www.apiahf.org/apidvinstitute/PDF/Fact_Sheet.pdf
The National Asian Women’s Health Organization (NAWHO) interviewed 336 Asian American women aged 18-34 who reside in the San Francisco and Los Angeles areas, via telephone:
- 16% of the respondents reported having experienced “pressure to have sex without their consent by an intimate partner.”
- 12 % of respondents reported that an intimate partner had hurt or had attempted to hurt them by means of hitting, kicking, slapping, shoving, object throwing, or threatening their lives with a weapon.
- 27% experienced emotional abuse by an intimate partner
National Asian Women’s Health Organization, Silent Epidemic: A Survey of Violence Among Young Asian American Women, (2002), available athttp://www.nawho.org/pubs/NAWHOSilentEpidemic.pdf
Project AWARE (Asian Women Advocating Respect and Empowerment) in Washington, DC, conducted an anonymous survey in 2000-2001 to examine the experiences of abuse, service needs, and barriers to service among Asian women. Using a sample of 178 Asian women:
- 81.1% of the women reported experiencing at least one form of intimate partner violence (domination/controlling/psychological, physical, and/or sexual abuse as categorized by the researchers) in the past year.
- 67% “occasionally” experienced some form of domination or controlling psychological abuse; 48% experienced it “frequently” in the past year.
- 32% experienced physical or sexual abuse at least “occasionally” during the past year.
- Of the 23 women who reported not having experienced intimate partner violence themselves, more than half (64%) said they knew of an Asian friend who had experienced intimate partner violence. Smaller proportions of respondents reported that their mothers (9%) and sisters (11%) had experienced intimate partner violence.
- 28.5% of the survey participants knew of a woman who was being abused by her in-laws.
Karen A. McDonnell & Shamira E. Abdulla, Project AWARE, Asian/Pacific Islander Resource Project (2001).
Cambodians In a study conducted by the Asian Task Force Against Domestic Violence in Boston, using a self-administered questionnaire at ethnic fairs:
- 44-47% of Cambodians interviewed said they knew a woman who experienced domestic violence, by either physical abuse or injury.
- 37% of the respondents know a man who is being beaten by his partner.
Marianne R. Yoshioka et al., Asian Family Violence Report: A Study of the Cambodian, Chinese, Korean, South Asian, and Vietnamese Communities in Massachusetts (2004),http://www.atask.org/Resources_AFVR.htm
Chinese In a random telephone survey of 262 Chinese men and women in Los Angeles:
- 18.1% of respondents reported experiencing “minor physical violence” by a spouse or intimate partner within their lifetime, and 8% of respondents reported “severe physical violence” experienced during their lifetime. [“Minor-severe” categories were based on the researcher’s classification criteria.]
- More acculturated respondents (as assessed by the researchers) were twice as likely to have been victims of severe physical violence. [Although the author states “It is possible that traditional cultural values serve as a protective buffer against stressors engendered by immigration”, higher rates among more acculturated respondents may be due to their increased likelihood to report abuse.]
Alice G. Yick, Predictors of Physical Spousal/Intimate Violence in Chinese American Families, 15 J. Fam. Violence 249 (2000).
Filipinas In a survey conducted by the Immigrant Women’s Task Force of the Coalition for Immigrant and Refugee Rights and Services:
- 20% of 54 undocumented Filipina women living in the San Francisco Bay Area reported having experienced some form of domestic violence, including physical, emotional, or sexual abuse, either in their country of origin or in the United States.
Chris Hogeland and Karen Rosen, Coalition For Immigrant and Refugee Rights and Services,Dreams Lost, Dreams Found: Undocumented Women In The Land of Opportunity, (1991).
Japanese In a face-to-face interview study of a random sample of 211 Japanese immigrant women and Japanese American women in Los Angeles County conducted in 1995:
- 61% reported some form of physical, emotional, or sexual partner violence that they considered abusive – including culturally demeaning practices such as overturning a dining table, or throwing liquid at a woman.
- 52% reported having experienced physical violence during their lifetime. When the probability that some women who have not been victimized at the time of the interview, but may be abused at a later date is calculated, 57% of women are estimated to experience a partner’s physical violence by age 49.
Mieko Yoshihama, Domestic Violence Against Women of Japanese Descent in Los Angeles: Two Methods of Estimating Prevalence, 5 Violence Against Women 869 (1999); Mieko Yoshihama & Brenda W. Gillespie, Age Adjustment and Recall Bias in the Analysis of Domestic Violence Data: Methodological Improvements Through the Application of Survival Analysis Methods, 17 J. Fam. Violence 199 (2002).
Koreans In a study of 256 Korean men from randomly selected Korean households in Chicago and in Queens (which then had the largest Korean population on the East Coast) in 1993:
- 18% of the respondents reported committing at least one of the following acts of physical violence within the past year: throwing something, pushing, grabbing, shoving, or slapping their wife.
- 6.3% of the men committed what the researcher classified as “severe violence” (kicking, biting, hitting with a fist, threatening with a gun or knife, shooting, or stabbing).
Jae Yop Kim & Kuy-taik Sung, Conjugal Violence in Korean American Families: A Residue of the Cultural Tradition, 15 J. Fam. Violence 331 (2000).
In a survey of 214 Korean women and 121 Korean men in the San Francisco Bay Area conducted in 2000:
- 42% of the respondents said they knew of a Korean woman who experienced physical violence from a husband or boyfriend.
- About 50% of the respondents knew someone who suffered regular emotional abuse.
Shimtuh, Korean American Domestic Violence Program, Korean American Community of the Bay Area Domestic Violence Needs Assessment Report (2000).
South Asians A study of 160 South Asian women (who were married or in a heterosexual relationship), recruited through community outreach methods such as flyers, snowball sampling, and referrals in Greater Boston, found that:
- 40.8% of the participants reported that they had been physically and/or sexually abused in some way by their current male partners in their lifetime; 36.9% reported having been victimized in the past year.
- 65% of the women reporting physical abuse also reported sexual abuse, and almost a third (30.4%) of those reporting sexual abuse reported injuries, some requiring medical attention.
Anita Raj & Jay G. Silverman, Intimate Partner Violence Against South-Asian Women in Greater Boston, 57 J. Am. Med. Women’s Ass’n 111 (2002).