ENDING DOMESTIC VIOLENCE
Ending Violence Against Women (VAW) and Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) or Domestic Violence (DV) are aligned with CEDAW goals. Along with championing CEDAW, Hope in Life Foundation works to end VAW and IPV/DV before it begins. The California Penal Code 275.3 defines Domestic Violence as "Any person who willfully inflicts upon a person who is his or her spouse, former spouse, cohabitant, former cohabitant, or the mother or father of his or her child, corporal injury resulting in a traumatic condition is guilty of a felony..." Basically, PC 273.5 requires some kind of bodily injury to be inflicted on a person with whom the defendant currently has, or previously had, a domestic relationship. The offense is sometimes referred to as •Domestic Abuse •Spousal Abuse •Spousal Battery Inflicting corporal injury under Penal Code 273.5 means a willful use of violent force. Examples would include hitting, punching, kicking, slapping or pushing. By willful, the statute means that the force must be done deliberately, as opposed to accidentally. An accidental shove, in the course of trying to get away from someone, for example, would not be a "willful" infliction of force. Other Penal Codes for Domestic Violence CA Penal Code 242 PC242):Battery - any willful or unlawful use of force or violence upon the person of another. CA Penal Code 243 (e) PC 243(e): Battery against a spouse, cohabitant, parent of the defendant's children etc. CA Penal Code 240 PC240: Assault - an unlawful attempt, coupled with a present ability to commit a violent injury etc. CA Penal Code 136.1 PC136.1:intimidation of victims and witnesses
Types of Abuse in alphabetical order as provided by the United States Department of Justice:
Abuse can be both physical and emotional. Emotional abuse is hard to pinpoint and sometimes even harder to recover from. Physical abuse leaves traces of the abuser on the victim’s body thereby making it easier for people to see. Verbal or non-verbal abuse is harder to detect and rescue. The psychological damage that comes along with either type of abuse makes it tougher on the victims. This organization is focused on restoring self-esteem in women and children who have been abused. The programs are structured to let go of the ‘victim’ in the person(s) and empower them to start leading a life of respect and dignity.
NNEDV Hotline: 1-800-799-SAFE (7233) or 1-800-787-3224 (TTY)